Putting the wrong gas in your four-wheeler is easy to do. Mixing up your gas cans happens a ton around here, or maybe you’re short on the gas. A thought hmmm……
Putting mixed gas in your four-wheeler will cause it to smoke like a two-stroke engine, but it won’t cause any lasting damage. Try topping up the gas tank with regular gas, which will help dilute the mix.
In this post, you’ll learn what effect two-stroke mixed gas has on an ATV engine and what you can do to fix it.
Two-stroke engines, as you already know, don’t have engine oil like a regular four-stroke engine. Instead, they use oil mixed with the gas to lubricate and cool the engine. So using two-stroke oil in a four-stroke shouldn’t cause any problems. I say shouldn’t because, of course, your engine and its components aren’t designed to handle the oil mix either.
I have done it loads of times, and my engine ran just fine, and yours likely will too. However, problems can arise in the carburetor and ignition system.
Mixed Gas & Your Carburetor
Your ATV carburetor is a finely balanced piece of kit. Its whole function is to measure, mix gas and air (oxygen) and supply it to your engine and do it very precisely.
It’s known as the air-fuel ration and AFR ration.
The optimal AFR is 14.7 parts air to one part gas, known as stoichiometric.
Running the mix in your ATV can cause a couple of common carburetor problems:
- Lean running
What’s lean running? Lean running is an engine that isn’t getting enough gas. Your carburetor works by using the natural sucking power of the piston to pull gas through an emulsion tube and main jet of the carburetor. The tube and jet are calibrated very precisely.
The trouble is, the oil mix isn’t gas, and your carburetor can’t tell the difference, so the net result is your engine is running lean. ie not enough gas in the mix. A lean running engine runs hot, and that isn’t good for the motor, but unless you’re making a habit of running a two-stroke mix, it should be fine.
What’s Gumming? Gumming is a sticky deposit caused by old fuel left in a carburetor. A two-stroke mix left in the carburetor for even just one month may cause gumming.
The only fix is to remove the carburetor, strip and clean thoroughly. Gumming isn’t a likely problem in the short term, and once the mix is flushed through the system, the problem is less likely.
Although all ATV owners should use a gas stabilizer when overwintering their kit. A gas stabilizer will eliminate the possibility of regular gas gumming up your fuel system.
Fouled Spark Plug
Spark plugs may all look very similar, but they’re very different. Apart from the obvious thread size and insulator length, the plugs have a different heat range. A spark plug is designed to run hot but not too hot.
The plug tip needs to withstand heat hot enough to burn off contaminants like fuel and oil inside the combustion chamber but not get so hot that it will cause pre-ignition.
Using oil-mixed gas in your ATV will coat the spark plug in the oily mix as it enters the cylinder. Your ATV spark plug and ignition system isn’t compatible and may foul-up. A fouled plug stops firing, and your engine stalls. Continuous attempts to start an engine with a fouled plug flood it with gas and compound the problem.
Removing and cleaning the plug will solve the problem short term.
A quick fix – top up your gas tank with regular gas, this will dilute the mix, and the problem will fix itself.
Alternatively, you’ll need to drain the gas tank and drain the fuel bowl, and if the engine has been running, remove and clean the spark plug.
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John Cunningham is a technical writer here at ATVfixed.com. He’s a Red Seal Qualified Service Technician with over twenty-five years experience. He’s worked on all types of mechanical equipment, from cars and trucks to ATVs and Dirt bikes.